THE WHY

Requirements

Programs: CCTR, CFCC, CSPP, CMIG, CHAN

Ratios & Child Supervision The applicable staff-child ratios must be met for each age group & program based on the Title 5 regulations.

Children must be visually supervised at all times based on the California Department of Social Services (CDSS) Community Care Licensing regulations.

 
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THE HOW & WHAT

Strategies

Interpreting regulations & putting them into practice can be challenging. Below are strategies to ensure this component is met:

 

Child Supervision

Licensing regulations concerning the supervision of children in child care centers are meant to achieve these important goals:

  • Children in your care are in view of a teacher or aide at ALL times to ensure their safety

  • An adult can be by a child’s side at a moment’s notice

  • Each child receives the attention he or she needs while in care.

The most accurate way to ensure that no child is ever left behind during a transition is to conduct a face-to-name check before & after changing locations. That is, visually identify each child whose name you call.

Frequently scan the entire area to confirm the safety of all children present. Position self where children cannot get behind you or go out of sight. If enough adults are present, have an adult stay near high use areas such as the play area, jungle gym or craft tables.

If your attention needs to be focused on an individual child or a portion of your group, make sure another teacher knows to supervise the rest of the children in your group.


Ratio Planning

To ensure the applicable staff-child ratios are met for each age group & program agency must have a staff/child ratio schedule completed at all times.

ELCD provides form CD3705 to plan for ratios based on the composition of your classroom. 

May develop your own ratio tracking & planning sheet.

LINKS/RESOURCES

EESD Child Ratio Schedule (Form CD3705)

State Funded Program
Teacher to Child Ratios (pdf)


Infant Ratios

For state funded programs, an infant is defined as a child who is from birth to 18 months old.

There must be 1 adult for every 3 infants. This is called a 1 to 3 adult child ratio.

For every 18 infants, 1 of the adults must be a qualified teacher. This is called a 1 to 18 teacher-child ratio.

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Toddler Ratios

For state funded programs, a toddler is defined as a child who is from 18 months to 36 months old.

There must be 1 adult for every 4 toddlers. This is called a 1 to 4 adult child ratio.

For every 16 toddlers, 1 of the adults must be a qualified teacher. This is called a 1 to 16 teacher-child ratio

Toddler Staffing Ratios.jpg

Preschool Ratios

For state funded programs, a preschooler is defined as a child who is from 36 months to enrollment in kindergarten.

There must be 1 adult for every 8 preschoolers. This is called a 1 to 8 adult child ratio.

For every 24 preschoolers, 1 of the adults must be a qualified teacher. Making it a 1 to 24 teacher-child ratio. 

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School-Age Ratios

A child who is enrolled in kindergarten through 14 years of age.

There must be 1 adult for every 14 children making it a 1 to 14 adult to child ratio.

For every 28 school age children, 1 of the adults must be a qualified teacher. Making it a 1 to 28 teacher-child ratio.

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Commingled Age Categories

Whenever groups of children of 2 age categories are commingled & younger age group exceeds 50% of the total number of children present, the ratios for the entire group must meet the ratios required for the younger age group.

If the younger age group does not exceed 50% of the total number of the children present, the teacher-child & adult-child ratios shall be computed separately for each group. 

Program may exceed teacher-child & adult-child ratios by 15% for a period of time not to exceed 120 minutes in a day.

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THE BOTTOM LINE

Monitoring

During a monitoring review, the staff/child ratio schedule, along with child supervision procedures will be reviewed & observed.

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KNOWLEDGE CHECK

Are you ready to check for understanding? No worries, if you do not do well the first time, you can take the Knowledge Check a second time.

Good luck my friend!

Note: You must set-up a free Kahoot.com account to run the Group Knowledge Checks


Reference

Education Code: 8203(a), 8264.7, 8264.8
Title 5: 18013(d), 18135, 18290
Title 22: 101229

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